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Cur deus homo? Why, Anselm asked, did God become human, and why was it necessary for the God-man to die? Anselm’s answers were powerfully persuasive for many Christians for generations, but in the 20th and 21st centuries, many of the biblical and traditional conceptions of sacrificial atonement have been challenged by theologians and biblical scholars alike. Do they imply a punitive rather than a loving God? Do they reinforce patterns of abuse? And most important, what alternatives, ancient and new, can offer us life-giving and liberative understandings of God in relation to the death of Jesus?

Fortress authors explore the thought of prominent theologians, ancient (Irenaeus) and modern (Paul Tillich), and wrestle with the questions afresh.


Release date: September 1, 2015

Engaging the Passion gathers an impressive array of scholars to survey how the death of Jesus has been portrayed and represented in Scripture, liturgy and music, literature, art and film, and theology and ethics?from the first to the twenty-first centuries.

Maria Mayo (Author)
Release date: August 1, 2015

Maria Mayo questions the contemporary idealization of unconditional forgiveness in three areas of contemporary life: so-called Victim-Offender Mediation involving cases of criminal injury, the work of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in post-apartheid South Africa, and the pastoral care of victims of domestic violence.

Oliver D. Crisp (Author)
Release date: September 1, 2014

Deviant Calvinism This book contributes to theological retrieval within the Reformed theology, and establishes a wider path to thinking Calvinism differently. It seeks to show that the Reformed tradition is much broader and more variegated than is often thought.

Nathan D. Hieb (Author)
Release date: September 1, 2013

Nathan Hieb gives an innovative study that bridges the boundaries of method, doctrine, and praxis, creating a strong theological and action-oriented relationship between systematic and liberation theology.

Sara Parvis (Editor), Paul Foster (Editor)
Release date: September 1, 2012

Champion of martyrs, scourge of heretics, erudite theologian, shrewd politician?no account of early Christianity is complete without careful consideration of Irenaeus...