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Crucifixion: In the Ancient World and the Folly of the Message of the Cross

Author: 
John Bowden (Translator) Martin Hengel (Author)
Collection: 
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Description

In a comprehensive and detailed survey on its remarkably widespread employment in the Roman empire, Dr. Hengel examines the way in which "the most vile death of the cross" was regarded in the Greek-speaking world and particularly in Roman-occupied Palestine.
His conclusions bring out more starkly than ever the offensiveness of the Christian message: Jesus not only died an unspeakably cruel death, he underwent the most contemptible abasement that could be imagined. So repugnant was the gruesome reality, that a natural tendency prevails to blunt, remove, or deomesticate its scandalous impact. Yet any discussion of a "theology of the cross" must be preceded by adequate comprehension of both the nature and extent of this scandal.
ISBN: 
9780800612689
Price: 
$19.00
ISBN: 
9781451414196
Price: 
$19.00
Release date: 
September 1, 1977
Pages: 
112
Width: 
8.50
Height: 
5.50

Endorsements

"The book is rewarding both for the extensive amount of historical information about crucifixion which is provided and for an appreciation of the stigma which would have been attached to this punishment."
--Religious Studies Review

"The author's formidable survey of the classical literature gives new eloquence to Origen's description of crucifixion as ' mors turpissima (more vile death), or to Paul's preaching of the 'scandal of the Cross.'"
--The Bible Today

Table of Contents

Abbreviations
Introduction: Mors turpissima crucis
1. The 'folly' of the crucified Son of God
2. Prometheus and Dionysus: the 'crucified' and the 'crucifying' God
3. Docetism as a way of removing the 'folly' of the cross
4. Crucifixion as the supreme Roman penalty
6. Crucifixion and Roman citizens
7. Crucifixion as a penalty for rebellious foreigners, violent criminals and robbers
8. The 'slaves' punishment'
9. The crucified national martyr and metaphorical and philosphical terminology
10. Crucifixion in the Greek-speaking world
11. Crucifixion among the Jews
12. Summary
Bibliography
Index of ancient authors
Index of modern scholars